Every month, a talk with Steve on various topics will be posted. Steve comes from Adelaide, Australia. He’s been in Japan for more than 10 years, and is married to a Japanese. His daughter, Sakura, is now four years old and attends kindergarten.
A topic of discussion for May 8, 2019: What are some interesting events in English history?
A lot of historical events have taken place in England over a long time. Accordingly, Steve started from Queen Boudica who revolted against the Roman Empire in the 1st Century before moving on to; the Norman conquest of 1066, the Magna Carta of 1215 which forced King John to restrict his governing power in favor of his nobles; The English Civil War in the 17th Century where parliamentary power overcame the British monarchy; the period of the Black Plague in the 16th Century; The Great Fire of London in 1666; to the industrial revolution and the evolution of the British Empire among many others. Turning to recent times, how England managed to survive both WW1 and WW2. As highlighted by Shakespeare, we have seen the evolution of arts and literature in England. Newton was a good example of scientific feats.
How did England become a world power and extend its influence across the world? Perhaps its geopolitical position being an island nation played into it a lot. This enhanced their desire to be a maritime power. It also formed a formidable fortification against European dictators like Napoleon and Hitler. On top of that, what about the role of Protestantism? There is a thinking by some historians that tries to correlate Protestantism and capitalism: simply put “work hard and accumulate capital.”
A topic of discussion for April: What are the “charms” of the Middle Ages in Europe?
Once thought to be a time of backwardness which garnered the name the Dark Ages in Europe due to witch hunts, brutal feudal lords or plagues, the Middle Ages is perhaps regarded as the preserver of ancient classics and built upon them with the help of surrounding civilizations, culminating in the Renaissance.
Steve was well prepared for his take on this topic by saying that the Middle Ages began in the 5th Century when the western Roman Empire fell and ended in the 15th Century; furthermore, it is subdivided into three periods namely the early, high, and the late periods. One of the notable feats in the early to high periods was the emergence of the Islamic Golden Age (the 8th to 13th Centuries) where the classical learning of not only Ancient Greece and Rome but also India and China was collected, studied and even expanded. Through trade and later the Crusades, this prolific learning subsequently permeated to Europe one way or another.
During the high period, there was a remarkable increase in population due partly to a warmer climate: this enabled more crops to support more people.
Also, it was the time of the Crusades. From the first expedition in the 11th Century to the last or the 9th one in the 13th Century, those who went east
fighting against the Arabs brought back with them something related to the Islamic culture, which was more mature than theirs at that time. We also saw the Mongols expanding their empire to the eastern parts of Europe. They were known to be harsh and cruel against those who opposed them, but after their conquest their rule brought about multi-national, multi-cultural and multi-religious practices.
Severe famine and the Black Plague wrecked most of Europe in the late period. The fall of the Byzantine Empire in 1453 saw the Greek scholars with a prolific quantity of ancient books taking refuge mainly to northern Italy. This had a profound effect on starting the Renaissance. Also, this period witnessed the early stage of the Age of Discovery.
As seen here, the role of the Middle Ages was clear in that it fostered means and ways for realizing the Early Modern period.
A topic of discussion for March 13, 2019: Here in Japan, people appreciate community activities such as residents’ associations or PTAs but when it comes to electing their leaders, we often find difficulties in doing so. Why? Simply because there are not many people who voluntarily take the initiative, or stand up for those stints. How do you compare this with your practice in Australia?
Steve’s first remark was that “residents’ associations” as those practiced in Japan are virtually non-existent in Australia. He mentioned that work done by residents’ associations, such as patrolling their neighborhoods, looking after kids to and from school, carrying out disaster prevention drills among many others are basically the responsibility of local government.
According to Steve, in Australia there are many volunteer groups associated with society, sports, games, or a wide range of specific events. After the talk, I checked the internet and found that resident associations are also non-existent in many other countries in America and Europe. I also found that there are some countries in Asia that do have organizations quite similar in scope to resident associations in Japan doing substantial amounts of public service. Is there any historical background to a residents’ association?
The residents’ association was formed relatively new in the late 1930s in order to tighten the government’s grip on the people for the principal aim of preparing for war. It was based on the traditional system of “gonin gumi”, which literally means a group of five people, that were established to offer mutual assistance during feudal days. After the war, it was disbanded by the occupational forces as part of their “democratization” agenda. However, it was reestablished in the late 1950s primarily to enhance the peoples’ living environment.
So, how should I, being the head of a local residents’ association myself, like to see the future of our organization and its activities? Well, it must focus more on the needs and wishes of its members while maintaining its core practices in particular preparing for a mega earthquake when all kinds of civil services are expected to be completely paralyzed.
A topic of discussion for February 13, 2019:
What interesting movies have you seen recently?
Steve’s first remark was that he had not seen any movies recently. He went on to say that he doesn’t find it interesting to watch movies, especially related to history, which seem to focus on some particular events or happenings perhaps because of the inevitable time limitation of around two hours. This somewhat results in the difficulty of understanding a whole perspective or simply put there is not enough in-depth description. In this respect, Steve cited an example of such a movie like the one depicting Robert the Bruce, the King of Scots who lived in the late 13th to the early 14th Century.
Instead, Steve went on to mention that he finds some TV drama series on historical themes more interesting because they manage to delve into details, sequences, backgrounds and the causality of events. One such recent series according to Steve was about Alfred the Great, who was the king of the Anglo-Saxons in England in the 9th Century.
Lastly, let me introduce you to the recent movie that I found interesting. It’s “Bohemian Rhapsody” depicting the iconic rock band “Queen” and its legendary vocal Freddie Mercury.
A topic for discussion for January 9, 2019: Is there any place in Japan that you would like to visit in 2019?
Steve’s first comment was that he isn’t that interested in visiting places per se because he would rather be doing things. So, it’s ok for him to go white water rafting for instance. Anyway, being a family man, Steve has to make a compromise in that he has to choose places that his daughter, Sakura now 4 years old, can be interested in. Sakura seems to like going to Disney Land; to which Steve said it’s ok. Steve also mentioned that he’d like to have lunch at a restaurant in a high building with a magnificent view. He also elaborated that he went to Okinawa last year with his family, but he doesn’t feel like going back again. I guess they were busy going places one after another.
Well, Steve admitted that “I’m not a big fan of travel.” The bottom line is that he enjoys daily life at home: relaxing with his computer, meeting his friends, gaming, his favorite hobby, among other things. But there is one particular place that he eagerly wants to visit one day. That is the venue of World Board Gaming Championships, southwest of Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, the USA. So, one day he hopes to go there.
Coming back to the day’s topic, I would like to recommend a few places of interest to his family. What about cycling, for example “Shimanami Kaido,” it happens to be a beautiful connecting route between Honshu (main island) and Shikoku island by a number of bridges linking small islands or inlets one after another. You can rent an electric bicycle if you like.
For hiking, my recommendation is the Oze marshlands located in the Nikko national park. There, you can marvel at beautiful scenery from spring to autumn (winter is nothing but snow and completely isolated): cute ponds with flowers and mountains in the background will welcome people walking along elevated wooden boardwalks. Sakura has the last say?